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Evidence - Based Medicine (EBM)

James Lind Library

A U.K. database that focuses on fair tests of treatments and the history of medical practice assessment. Provides guidelines for avoiding biased comparisons and identifying unanticipated effects of treatments. It also contains historical documents.

The Number Needed to Treat (NNT)

Determine the actual benefit and harm to patients for a given therapy by using the NNT, a simple calculation that determines how many patients must receive treatment to benefit-- or harm-- one person. Reviews and risk assessments that are useful for evidence-based prescribers.

Oxford Center for Evidence-Based Medicine (CEBM)

Contains a variety of educational information and teaching tools. Most workshops are based in the United Kingdom; however, the medical student resources page has powerpoints and worksheets on Evidence-based medicine. A glossary of terms is also available.

Institute for Clinical and Economic Review (ICER)

A non-profit organization that aims to streamline the healthcare system through evidence-based research and analyses. Most notably, ICER releases two clinical appraisals a year, each on different topics in healthcare. Appraisals include background information, alternate therapies, a review of evidence, and finally recommendations for prescribing and/or using new technology. Past appraisals have covered diagnostic testing for Alzheimer’s disease, proton-beam therapy,CT colonography, and many others.

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